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Standard Jury Instructions - Civil

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    STANDARD JURY INSTRUCTIONS - CIVIL CASES

     

    Recent Amendments to the Civil Jury Instructions:

    SC13-1669 – In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases – Report No. 13-02  Opinion released March 20, 2014, amended:

    • Instruction 501.5--Other Contributing Causes of Damages by adding paragraph (c) to address Stuart v. Hertz Corp., 351 So. 2d 703 (Fla. 1977), and to instruct jurors that if the defendant caused the initial injury, loss, or damage to the plaintiff, he or she is responsible for any injury, loss, or damage caused by medical care or treatment reasonably obtained by the plaintiff. 

    SC12-1566 – In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases – Report No. 12-01
    Opinion released May 23, 2013 and corrected on November 21, 2013. This decision corrected errors and omissions throughout the civil jury instructions:

    • Instruction 401.13 (correcting cross-references in instruction on preemptive charges)
    • Instruction 401.20a (making language gender neutral)
    • Instruction 401.22
      • 401.22a (correcting legal citation in note on use);
      • 401.22f (revising the instruction on apportionment of fault to address situations when a party or is alleged to be strictly liable)
    • Instruction 402.4
      • 402.4c (correcting legal citation in note on use)
      • 402.4d (deleting the word “and” to correct a grammatical error)
    • Instruction 402.12 (correcting cross-reference in note on use)
    • Instruction 406.5 (making malice instruction gender neutral)
    • Instruction 406.6 (making language gender neutral)
    • Instruction 408.6 (revising note 6 to correct grammatical error)
    • Instruction 409.7 (revising instruction on fraudulent misrepresentation to make clear that causation is an element)
    • Instruction 409.8 (revising instruction on negligent misrepresentation to make clear that causation is an element)
    • Instruction 409.9 (revising instruction on false information negligently supplied for the guidance of others to make clear that causation is an element)
    • Instruction 410.8 (correcting legal citations in note on use)
    • Instruction 412.1 (correcting cross-reference to instructions on the “Joint Liability of Joint Tortfeasors” and changing the name of that instruction to “Liability of Multiple Tortfeasors”)
    • Instruction 413.2  (correcting misspelling of “medical” in second sentence)
    • Section 500 — Damages (revising index to the damages instructions to reflect amendments renumbering of instructions 501.3 and 501.4 and renaming instruction 502.8)
    • Instruction 501.1 (correcting the instruction providing the introduction to personal injury and property damages to remove incorrect language applicable in wrongful death cases; revising the instruction to make it more understandable and eliminate repetitive language; revising to reflect renumbering of instructions 501.3 and 501.4)
    • Instruction 501.3 and Instruction 501.4 (reverses the numbering of instructions 501.3 and 501.4.  The current instruction 501.4, Motor Vehicle Fault Threshold Instruction, will be renumbered to instruction 501.3.  The current instruction 501.3, Comparative Negligence and Non-Party Fault, will be renumbered instruction 501.4.  The title of the “Motor Vehicle Fault Threshold Instruction” will be changed to “Motor Vehicle No-Fault Instruction.”  In the Comparative Negligence and Non-Party Fault Instruction, currently 501.3, to be renumbered 501.4, the proposal adds the word “[fault]” to address situations where a party or nonparty is alleged to be strictly liable).
    • Instruction 501.9 (changing name of instruction on “Joint Liability of Joint Tortfeasors” to “Liability of Multiple Tortfeasors”)
    • Instruction 502.1 (revising the instruction providing the introduction to wrongful death damages to make it more understandable and eliminate repetitive language)
    • Instruction 502.2 (added gender neutral language)
    • Instruction 502.5 (revising instruction in wrongful death cases on Comparative Negligence, Non-Party Fault and Multiple Defendants to address situations where the party or non-party is alleged to be st
    • rictly liable; correcting legal citations in the notes on use)
    • Instruction 502.8 (changing name of instruction on “Joint Liability of Joint Tortfeasors” to “Liability of Multiple Tortfeasors”)
    • Note on Use for Punitive Damages Charges (republishing notice previously found in the civil jury instructions)
    • Model Instruction 1, Model Instruction 2, Model Instruction 3, Model Instruction 4 and Model Instruction 6 (making several revisions to the model charges to make them consistent with the revisions to the instructions)

    SC12-1818 – In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases – Report No. 12-02 - Opinion released May 23, 2013 (amending instruction 201.2, Introduction of Participants and Their Roles, introducing pro se parties and defendant uninsured or underinsured motorist insurance carriers; amending instruction 700, Closing Instructions, to delete language suggesting the jurors can disregard some instructions; amending the notes on use to instruction 801.2, Read-Back of Testimony)


    SC11-1403 – In Re: Standard Jury Instruction In Civil Cases – Report No. 2011-01 (Unlawful Retaliation) - Opinion Released July 12, 2012. (creating instruction 415, Unlawful Retaliation, based upon Florida’s private-sector whistle-blower provisions, sections 448.101–105, Florida Statutes)


    SC10-51 - In Re: Standard Jury Instruction in Criminal Cases - Report No. 2010-01 and Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases - Report No. 2010-01 - Opinion Released 10/21/2010


    SC09-284 In Re: Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases - Report No. 09-01 Reorganization of the Civil Jury Instructions

    (Corrected Opinion released 07/01/10) with a Correction Notice

     *Currently, there are two instructions that have been erroneously numbered 1.13 at the time of adoption.  The committee has proposed that the Supreme Court renumber these instructions so that the instruction titled “jury to be guided by official English translation/interpretation” will be numbered instruction 1.13 and the instruction titled “questions by jurors” will be numbered 1.14.