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Standard Jury Instructions - Contract and Business Cases

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Standard Jury Instructions in Criminal Cases
Standard Jury Instructions in Civil Cases



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Individual Instructions and Preliminary Sections:



Preliminary Sections


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Section 100 – Oaths

101.1   Oath of Jurors Before Voir Dire

101.2   Oath of Juror After Voir Dire

101.3   Oath of a Witness

101.4   Oath of an Interpreter         

Section 200 – Preliminary Instructions

Qualifications Instruction

A.   During Jury Selection

201.1   Description of the Case (Before Voir Dire)           

201.2   Introduction of Participants and Their Roles

201.3   Explanation of the Voir Dire Process

B.   After Jury Selected and Sworn

202.1   Introduction

202.2   Explanation of the Trial Procedure

202.3   Note-Taking by Jurors

202.4   Juror Questions

202.5   Jury to be Guided by Official English Translation/Interpretation

Section 300 – Evidence Instructions

301.1   Deposition Testimony, Interrogatories, Stipulated Testimony, Stipulations, and Admissions

301.2   Instruction When First Item of Documentary, Photographic,or Physical Evidence is Admitted

301.3   Instruction When Evidence is First Published to Jurors

301.4   Instruction Regarding Visual or Demonstrative Aids

301.5   Evidence Admitted for a Limited Purpose

301.6   Jury to be Guided by Official English Translation/Interpretation

301.7   Jury to be Guided by Official English Transcript of Recording  in Foreign Language (Accuracy Not in Dispute)

301.8   Jury to be Guided by Official English Translation/Interpretation – Transcript of Recording in Foreign Language (Accuracy in Dispute)

301.9   Disregard Stricken Matter

301.10 Instruction Before Recess

Section 400 – Substantive Instructions

416.1   Breach of Contract – Introduction

416.2   Third-Party Beneficiary

416.3   Contract Formation – Essential Factual Elements

416.4   Breach of Contract – Essential Factual Elements

416.5   Oral or Written Contract Terms

416.6   Contract Implied in Fact

416.7   Contract Implied in Law

416.8   Contract Formation – Offer

416.9   Contract Formation – Revocation of Offer

416.10 Contract Formation – Acceptance

416.11 Contract Formation – Acceptance by Silence or Conduct

416.12 Substantial Performance

416.13 Modification

416.14 Interpretation – Disputed Term(s)

416.15 Interpretation – Meaning of Ordinary Words

416.16 Interpretation – Meaning of Disputed Technical or Special Words

416.17 Interpretation – Construction of Contract as a Whole

416.18 Interpretation – Construction by Conduct

416.19 Interpretation – Reasonable Time

416.20 Interpretation – Construction Against Drafter

416.21 Existence of Condition Precedent Disputed

416.22 Occurrence of Agreed Condition Precedent

416.23 Anticipatory Breach

416.24 Breach of Implied Covenant of Good Faith and Fair Dealing

416.25 Affirmative Defense – Mutual Mistake of Fact

416.26 Affirmative Defense – Unilateral Mistake of Fact

416.27 Affirmative Defense – Undue Influence

416.28 Affirmative Defense – Fraud

416.29 Affirmative Defense – Negligent Misrepresentation

416.30 Affirmative Defense – Waiver        

416.31 Affirmative Defense – Novation

416.32 Affirmative Defense – Statute of Limitations

416.33 Affirmative Defense – Equitable Estoppel

416.34 [reserved for future use]

416.35 Affirmative Defense – Judicial Estoppel

416.36 Affirmative Defense – Ratification

416.37 Goods Sold and Delivered

416.38 Open Account

416.39 Account Stated

416.40 Money Had and Received

Section 500 – Damages

504.1   Introduction to Contract Damages

504.2   Breach of Contract Damages

504.3   Lost Profits

504.4   Damages for Complete Destruction to Business

504.5   Owner’s Damages for Breach of Contract to Construct Improvements to Real Property

504.6   Obligation to Pay Money Only

504.7   Buyer’s Damages for Breach of Contract for Sale of Real Property

504.8   Seller’s Damages for Breach of Contract to Purchase Real Property

504.9   Mitigation of Damages

504.10 Present Cash Value of Future Damages

504.11 Nominal Damages

Section 600 – Substantive Instructions – General

601.1   Weighing the Evidence

601.2   Believability of Witness

601.3   Jury to be Guided by Official English Translation/Interpretation

601.4   Multiple Claims, Numerous Parties, Consolidated Cases

601.5   Concluding Instruction (Before Final Argument)

Section 700 – Closing Instructions

700 – Closing Instructions

Section 800 – Supplemental Matters

801.1   Juror Question During Deliberations

801.2   Read-Back of Testimony

801.3   Jury Deadlocked

801.4   Instruction Upon Discharge of Jury