Justices of the Florida Supreme Court

Supreme Court of Florida
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Justice Millard Fillmore Caldwell

Millard Fillmore Caldwell (Leon)  [served 6 years, 11 months]
Served February 14, 1962 – January 7, 1969 as Justice
Served September 5, 1967 – January 7, 1969 as Chief Justice  [appointed at age 65]
b. Knoxville, Tennessee, February 6, 1897     d. October 23, 1984, Tallahassee, Florida
County Judge:  No.          Circuit Judge:  No.           Court of Appeal Judge:  No.

Millard Caldwell’s family had owned plantations and farmed before and after the Civil War.  Caldwell and his family lived on five different plantations during his childhood.  He determined to go to college in 1914, entering Carson-Newman College and excelling in sports.  His hot-headed spirit on the field resulted in his dismissal in 1915.  He then joined the Army and channeled his vigor in more constructive ways.  After World War I, he returned to college at the University of Virginia, where he earned a law degree and settled in the Florida Panhandle where he practiced law and banking, and soon entered politics.  Elected to the Florida House of Representatives in 1929, he served two terms, then served in the United States House of Representatives until 1941.  In 1944, he ran successfully for governor of Florida.  In 1950, he accepted a Civil Defense position in Washington, DC.  He returned to the private practice of law in Florida in 1952 with strong anti-Communist beliefs. 

In 1960, Caldwell helped Farris Bryant win the governor’s race and two years later, was appointed to the Florida Supreme Court at age 65, the only 20th century Floridian to have served in all three branches of state government.  Caldwell retired from the court, at age 72, due to age restrictions in the constitution, and pursued legal and business work until his death.

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